Virgin Galactic’s Loss Could Widen as Operating Costs Balloon

By Kevin George,
Published by Investopedia, 27 February 2023

Virgin Galactic Holdings Inc. (SPCE), the world’s first publicly traded space tourism company, likely lost over $100 million in the fourth quarter as operating costs surged and the company geared up to begin commercial operations.

  • Analysts expect to see a year-on-year earnings decline against higher revenues.
  • Investors cheered a test flight of the VMS Eve mothership in February.
  • Virgin Galactic is nearing commercial readiness for its consumer space flights.

Virgin Galactic’s net loss for the fourth quarter likely increased 72% to $139 million, or 52 cents a share, from $81 million a year ago, according to estimates compiled by Visible Alpha.[1] The company is expected to report $0.5 million in revenue, a 251% year-over-year increase more than offset by a 125% increase in research and development costs ($93 million). Virgin Galactic reports results after markets close Feb. 28.[2]

The company’s widening losses underscore the barriers to entering the high-risk space tourism industry, which to date has been dominated by three billionaire-backed ventures: Richard Branson’s Virgin Galactic, Amazon founder Jeff Bezos’s Blue Origin, and Tesla founder Elon Musk’s SpaceX. Unlike its competitors, which have separately earned billions of dollars in NASA contracts, Virgin Galactic plans to derive the bulk of its income from selling space flights, a market that is projected to reach about $20 billion by 2031.[3]

Virgin has burned through almost $1.5 billion in the last five years to prepare for commercial flights. After a successful test flight that took Branson and three Virgin employees to the edge of space in July 2021, the company began a “planned enhancement program” on its flagship spacecraft, the VMS Eve carrier and VSS Unity spaceliner.[4] The VMS Eve returned to the skies for the first time in over a year earlier this month.[5]

Last year the company began selling $450,000 tickets—including a $150,000 deposit—for 90-minute, sub-orbital flights that were scheduled for the end of the year.[6] The company says it is on track to begin operating those flights in the second quarter of this year.[7]

SpaceX was recently valued at $137 billion during a round of private fundraising.

Shares of Virgin Galactic have rallied this year, buoyed by the optimism that lifted riskier equities higher in January. Still, the stock is down almost 43% in the last year, compared with a 19% decline for the S&P 500 Consumer Discretionary sector.

Source: TradingView. Investopedia
Virgin Galactic Key Stats
 Estimate for Q4 2022 Q4 2021 Q4 2020
Adjusted Earnings Per Share ($)-0.52-0.31 -0.35
Revenue ($M)0.50.140
Research and Development Costs ($M)


  1. Visible Alpha. “Financial Data.”
  2. Virgin Galactic. “Virgin Galactic Announces Date of Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2022 Financial Results and Conference Call.”
  3. Bloomberg. “Flying Over 57,500 Passengers Toward Space by 2031 – Orbital Travel Captures Majority of $20.3 Billion Space Travel Revenue.”
  4. Virgin Galactic. “Virgin Galactic Begins Planned Vehicle Enhancement and Modification Period; Unity 23 Test Flight Rescheduled to Follow Completion of this Program.”
  5. Space News. “Virgin Galactic aircraft returns to flight.”
  6. Virgin Galactic. “Virgin Galactic Opens Limited Opportunity to Purchase Future Spaceflight Reservation.”
  7. Virgin Galactic. “Virgin Galactic Evolves Aerospace Leadership Structure in Preparation for Commercial Spaceline Operations.”

See: Original Article